Student R1: Operations Management Tools & Methods I will keep Smitheford Pharmaceuticals from instantly expanding the stock via doing blackout arranging, week by week determining, and blackout investigation for the multichannel business. I will keep Smitheford Pharmaceuticals from expanding the stock by disclosing to them the association Smitheford Pharmaceuticals has with sellers, so I can get the conveyances in a shorter timeframe. I will keep prepared a merchant scorecard, stay in contact with sellers, and arrange terms with merchants that will help keep the stock level low. I will keep Smitheford Pharmaceuticals from expanding the stock after a blackout by keeping a base cycle stock that is financial, construct stock in light of gauges of client request, and making exact routine request estimates. The past exactness of the estimates will make validity for the figures made at this point. I will lessen the purchasing lead time with the goal that a higher stock need not be kept up. On the off chance that there are numerous buys from similar providers, I will lessen exchange cost, diminish cycle stock and buy exchange costs. To limit the stock at Smitheford Pharmaceuticals, I will get downstream estimates and will send these gauges upstream so that there are no deferrals underway. Working together with production network accomplices will enable me to lessen stock. In the event that Smitheford Pharmaceuticals has numerous areas, I will utilize the technique of exchanging stock with the goal that extra buys don’t need to be made at every area. On the off chance that, practicable I will present merchant oversaw stock at Smitheford Pharmaceuticals. This will help diminish stock not just amid blackouts but rather amid typical periods too. I will likewise effectively gather exact information crosswise over Smitheford Pharmaceuticals by looking at requests, solicitations, and affirmations to get a direct gauge of interest. I will look at the determining strategies in every one of Smitheford Pharmaceuticals’ areas of expertise. I will guarantee that every office utilizes a similar determining technique. Each stone can cause issues in the generation procedure. On the off chance that there is conflicting item quality there will be extensive number of rejects. This can build the cost of creation. Poor gauging can prompt either overproduction or under-generation. In the event that there is underproduction, the clients won’t be fulfilled however in the event that there is exorbitant creation, there will be gigantic inventories. In the event that there is item blackout, there might be expansive item constrained the generation procedure to change its creation design. Tremendous expenses will be engaged with this. In the event that there is absence of representative association, the profitability and the productivity of the creation procedure will be low. Erroneous particular points of confinement may prompt substantial number of rejects amid creation or a few dismissals after the item has achieved the clients prompting blackouts. Item surrenders if identified can prompt extensive number of rejects or demands for item correction. Each of these is evil for the creation procedure. On the off chance that there is absence of administration support, assets and assets required for the generation procedure won’t be accessible. This may prompt the stoppage of the generation procedure. Poor provider connections can prompt deficiencies which can stop the creation procedure. Then again poor provider connections can prompt high stock conveying costs. On the off chance that material quality is variable, the generation procedure will deliver completed results of variable quality. Another probability is that the creation procedure might be slowed down to first enhance the nature of the crude material and after that begin ordinary generation. Unequal line prompts either bottlenecks or sit out of gear time or both. The profitability of the generation procedure endures. Conflicting item quality happens in view of low quality administration. Poor anticipating happens due to wrong gauging standards, the utilization of off base information, or sources of info that depend on incorrect suppositions. Item blackouts happen due to low quality administration and powerless framework plan. Work process of value configuration may prompt item blackouts. Absence of representative association happens due to poor scope quantification and poor control. Off base detail limits is the consequence of low quality administration and control. Item absconds happen in view of poor framework outline, feeble quality administration and control. Absence of administration bolsters prompts wasteful utilization of big business assets. Poor provider relationship happens if there is ineffectual store network administration. Likewise, factor crude material quality additionally happens in light of inadequate production network administration. Unequal lines are the consequence of feeble framework plan. By and large, there is a cozy connection between every one of the ideas and the stones. The stones result if the ideas are not connected and executed adequately. For instance, poor production network administration unavoidably prompts delays in installment to providers prompting poor associations with the providers. Additionally, item abandons happens just if the quality administration and control framework isn’t working appropriately. So, from an alternate point of view the stones have happened in light of the fact that the ideas have not been connected successfully.Response 2: There are many reasons why its counterproductive to raise inventory as soon as an outage occurs. According to Forrest (2018), one of the most effective ways of showing inefficiencies in a system is to lower the inventory, this will make problems more visible and allow managers to look for red flags, protect against uncertainty, and take advantage of economies of scale. If Smitheford were to continuously keep their inventory high there are many factors that could prevent an efficient system. They will be discussed in the following paragraphs.Inconsistent Product Quality – Business.com (2018), states that product quality depicts how well the product does what it is supposed to do and how well it holds up over time. Product quality builds trust with the consumers and builds a positive reputation for the company. On the hand, when the quality of a product is inconsistent, meaning sometimes it’s the best product a customer has ever used and the next time, it’s mediocre, a customer will no longer trust the brand or the company. Reducing the inventory will show flaws in products that could be otherwise unnoticed when inventory is high. Poor Forecasting – “Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple believes that good inventory management comes down to not having excess inventory and making suppliers compete with one another. He believes that by keeping their product line to a minimum, they can more accurately forecast sales and keep products fresh” (Tradegeko, 2017). When inventory is low it allows a company to produce only what is needed, eliminating the threat of stagnant inventory. This process is known as Just-In-Time Inventory. In the case of Smitheford, keeping inventory low will prevent expired medication from being shipped to pharmacies and falling into customers hands.Product Outages – Keeping inventory low will allow Smitheford Pharmaceuticals to know exactly what is on hand and will prevent product outages. A product outage may not even be a big deal when it comes to certain shoe or even an item of food in a grocery store as a customer can find something similar. However, when it comes to pharmaceuticals, a product outage could be a life or death situation for a consumer. This would also be detrimental to the reputation of Smitheford .Lack of Management Support- Netstock (2015), “wrote that many of the tasks that are associated with inventory are at an operational level, with little or no management involvement. Management is usually dependent upon a custodian to ensure that tasks are completed on time and correctly”. When there is excess inventory and there is a lack of management involvement, it trickles down to employment involvement as well. Too must inventory can be cumbersome especially when there is someone in charge of keeping track of each piece. Deciphering tasks can be difficult when there is little to no management involvement. When there is excess inventory and lack of management support it is hard to keep track of what is selling and what has been sitting on the shelf for a whileProduct Defects- Trujillo (2014), gives an example of lean inventory management when he talks of the car manufacture Toyota. Toyota uses the just in time production and limits its inventory to just what is needed. In this way, product defects can be easily spotted. Trujillo goes on to say that defects leads to reworks, which will lead to delays. In the case of Smitheford, some customers cannot afford to wait for their drugs. This is not only detrimental to the customer but it portrays a bad image on Smitheord.Incorrect Specification Limits- “ Specification limits are lowest level of process performance or product quality that is within the acceptable range defined by customer standards and measurements of defects in the product” (Business Dictionary). When inventory is high, incorrect specification limits could be hard to detect. When a business has a lower inventory, then they can easily sample more items in batches to see what kind of quality the product is producing.Lack of Employee Involvement- When there is a lack of employee involvement, management can lose control over their employees. This actually ties in with the lack of management involvement that is discussed above. Employees who are unengaged may skip corners when it comes to inventory. When there is excess inventory, it would be easy to steal, manipulate the inventory records and the lack of engagement and morale could mean that defects go unnoticed, as well as what is running low and what is sitting on the warehouse shelves.Poor Supplier Relationships- Donovan (n.d), of Reliableplant states that by streamlining an entire supply chain, a company can reduce inventory, improve time to market, decrease costs and increase profitability. A good relationship with a supplier will improve productivity because the suppliers can find out when a company such as Smitheford will run out of an items and be able to determine when a company runs out of a raw material and will be able to restock it. This goes along with the idea of having a low inventory because good supplier will automatically know when it is time to replace something and inventory buffers can be reduced. Likewise when a company has a huge amount of inventory it can be quite difficult for suppliers to determine what is needed, this could also potentially damage a relationship between supplier and the company.Variable Raw Material Quality- The quality and variability of raw material is very important. Without raw material a company such as Smitheford cannot produce their product. A shortage of raw material will cause a delay in the finished product. While it may seem practical to keep an excess inventory of raw material this is actually detrimental. Raw material can go bad before it gets around to being used, an excess of raw material can give a false perception of what is available and what is not available, this goes back to having a good relationship with the supplier. A good supplier will know when raw material is getting low and keep it in a constant supply using the just in time model.Unbalanced Lines- Bharaj (2016) describes a balanced line as a procedure in which tasks along the assembly line are assigned to work stations so that each station as the same amount of work. A balanced line, will minimize inventory as the assembly line is only producing the amount of product that is needed. An unbalanced line however may increase inventory whether it be intentionally or just for the mere fact that one station is producing faster than another station. This will not only cause inventory issues but it will increase costs across the board for the company.As one can see, there are many benefits for Smitheford Pharmaceuticals to reduce their inventory and work on a Just-In-Time production method. Reducing inventory will save costs, help develop good relationships with suppliers, keep raw materials fresh and keep employee and management engaged in the production system.