(Response 1 Need 250 response with a two cited sources)
Discussion Question: Discuss the pros and cons of security’s role of security in an organization (any type of organization will do). Based on the following key discussion points:
- How security should fit into the scope of a mission, be it war-fighting, profit making, etc?
Security in the civilian world has undergone many changes in the years since 9/11. Prior to 9/11 many organization looked at Security Officers and as necessary “expense” evil in the operation and often times the departments were underfunded with low paying jobs. Organizations many times contracted out to “guard “ companies. The technology and mission of the departments were often limited by the amount of resources the organization was willing to make available.
With 9/11 and many other world events, the industry changed and organizations were required to looked at safety and security with fresh eyes. Technology and money spent has been increasing annually in most organizations. Health care has had to adjust to the new climate caused by these events along with changes in health care insurances. Emergency rooms and the mental health population presenting at hospitals has created new challenges that are security risk. A few decades ago , security in a hospital was the very first department to get cut from the budget because it wasn’t providing direct patient care and wasn’t profit making. This is no longer the case because of the risk and what employees and patient’s perceive
- Specifically discuss the roles and responsibilities of the Security Director or Chief Security Officer (CSO).
The daily roles and responsibilities of these positions are very different from one industry to the next. The Security Director in one company might only have over site over traditional services provided by security, while others might include several other service lines. Large health care organization that have a CSO , like the Cleveland Clinic , often times will include a Chief Security Officer that over sees, Parking services, background checks, ID badging , Key control, Technical security , the Police department, the security services department, VIP protection/ inspection department and global security services. The size of the organization and the number of employees / contractor working for the organization play an important part in the organization chart. As the CSO, the leader is required and charged with ensuring the safety of the employees, contractors, patients and family members. In addition to protecting human resources he or she, is responsible with providing protection to the organization infrastructure and its assets.
CSO positions have become newer additions to the organizational charts in many industries. In the past, Security Directors were the top positions in this field. However, as safety and security have increase in importance across the board, senior leadership and administrator have seen the value of have Security at the table when discussions are held at the highest level. CSO does typically have a direct line on responsibility and communication with the CEO of the organization. In the past, Security Directors reported to operation Vice- Presidents or the COO, and relied heavily on them to communicate concerns to the CEO. The change has provided the top security person to communicate directly with the top leader in the organization.
(Response 2 Need 250 response with a two cited sources)
Security (and the consideration of security) should always be at the forefront of planning any mission, be it in a military, business, or other situation. Whether the assets of an organization are structural, financial, or its personnel, the protection of those assets is paramount. From a military perspective, security is the most important element to a mission. As an Infantryman I was taught that not only should we always be considering security, but also that a security plan must be emplaced before other elements of the operation can go ahead. While Infantry operations are quite different to those in corporate America, similarities can be drawn. When considering security, risk management principles come into play. This happens in all aspects of our lives, albeit in different levels of importance and potential risk. By assessing risk we can implement the proper security measures to ensure that our organization’s assets are protected. I was reminded of the necessity of conducting risk assessments and always considering security while reading the Hammes piece on working with partner nations. Just recently two soldiers from the 82nd Airborne Division were killed in an insider (or “green-on-blue”) attack while working with Afghan forces in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Hammes (2015) cites certain factors that can lead to potentially dangerous situations for our forces such as endemic corruption, infighting, and poor pay. Meanwhile, the author also seems to be of the mind that the Afghan forces need the assistance and mentoring of US and allied forces. It is situations like this that highlight the need for both security-mindedness and risk assessments if these types of operations are to go ahead in the future.
The Chief Security Officer (CSO) is the executive level position that deals with security matters in a corporation. With his or her team of security professionals, the CSO is responsible for the safety and welfare of those in the organization. The ASIS Guideline (2004) states that the CSO should be at the executive level in order to have the “ability to influence business strategy and address matters of internal risk exposure” (p. 4). With the CSO operating at the executive level he or she should be able to relate security matters to the other decision makers in the organization. Without having the CSO at this level potential security measures could be overlooked or disregarded. The ASIS Guideline (2004) goes on to state that the main responsibilities of the CSO include functions such as strategy development, risk assessment, organization preparedness, incident prevention, incident response, and more. While the CSO may not be conducting all of these operations on their own, it is their responsibility to ensure that these functions are carried out properly and that the security operations that are emplaced throughout the organization are sufficient to mitigate risk and also fit into the plans and budget of the organization. The CSO should be able to nest the plans and objectives of the security program into the strategic goals of the organization in an effort to further its success.
ASIS International. (2004). Chief security officer guideline. Retrieved from https://cdn.fedweb.org/137/268/ASIS%2520Chief%2520Security%2520Officer%2520Guide-Public.pdf.
Hammes, T.X. (2015). Raising and mentoring security forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. Orbis, 60(1). Retrieved from https://ndupress.ndu.edu/Portals/68/Documents/Books/lessons-encountered/lessons-encountered_Ch4.pdf.